The Daily Dose: An immigrant uprising in ancient Egypt; U.S. shows its hand with Space Force initiative

Roughly 3600 years ago, the northern region of Egypt was believed to be invaded by a neighboring kingdom, the Hyksos. Recent research throws a significant kink in that story. It may have been an inside job. “When Stantis and her colleagues examined teeth from 36 skeletons buried at Avaris during the 350 years before the Hyksos seized power, they discovered that 24 of the individuals—both male and female—were foreign-born. They couldn’t tell where the foreigners hailed from, but the researchers say their findings show Egypt had welcomed immigrants for hundreds of years before the Hyksos rose to power. Data from the teeth of a further 35 people buried at Avaris during the Hyksos period show a similar pattern of immigration continued after they rose to power… As such, Stantis suggests the Hyksos rulers were not necessarily foreign-born invaders, but might instead have emerged from a centuries-old immigrant community living in Avaris.” That conclusion will not make modern-day xenophobes very happy.

Scientific consensus supports the notion of an expanding Universe. Unfortunately, the speed of expansion has continued to confound astronomers and physicists. New research indicates that nothing has changed in that sense. As per Nature, “A new map of the early Universe has reinforced a long-running conundrum in astronomy over how fast the cosmos is expanding. The data — collected using a telescope in Chile’s Atacama Desert — back up previous estimates of the Universe’s age, geometry and evolution. But the findings clash with measurements of how fast galaxies are flying apart from each other, and predict that the Universe should be expanding at a significantly slower pace than is currently observed.” The Atacama Cosmology Telescope measured the cosmic microwave background, believed to be the the radiation remnants of the Big Bang.

The United States is moving forward with its Space Force initiative, starting with graduates from the U.S. Air Force Academy. Roughly 90 of the alumni are now the first Space Force officers. As per Science, “Some of those graduates were members of an academy group called the Institute for Applied Space Policy and Strategy (IASPS). Featuring weekly speakers and formalized research projects the students hope to turn into peer-reviewed papers, the group aims to game out the policies and philosophies that could guide military space activity when they are old enough to be in charge. In particular, these young cadets are interested in whether the Space Force might someday have a military presence on the Moon, and how it might work with civilians.” That proposed alliance will put the government in conflict with the scientific community. But hey, what else is new these days?

IMAGE SOURCE: Creative Commons

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