Looking back: The 1991 volcano eruption of Mt. Pinatubo (Gallery)

In 1991, the second largest volcano eruption of the 20th century jolted the Philippines and much of the world. 847 people perished as a result, although numbers could have been greatly more had Filipino and American volcanologists not signaled an evacuation of surrounding areas. Nevertheless, great economic damage was done to local agriculture. The American military installations – Subic Bay and Clark Airforce Base – suffered considerable damage due to ash acumation. Globally, the temperature dropped by half a degree Celsius/one degree Fahrenheit.

Flying over Mt. Pinatubo.
Crater Lake in Mt. Pinatubo.
Filipino volcanologists saved thousands of lives by forecasting the eruption. This gave time for evacuations to take place with the help of the U.S. military.
An evacuation center at Anderson Air Force Base in Guam.
Mr. Pinatubo’s eruption eruption plume as seen from Clark Air Force Base
The eruption caused the global temperature to decrease.
American military bases felt the brunt of ash damage.
Cleaning up after the volcano’s eruption.
Buildings all over Luzon – including this one on Clark Air Force Base – collapsed due to the weight of ash.
Pyroclastic flows damaged the local economy, destroying rice fields, farms, and businesses.
A resettlement location for people affected by Mr. Pinatubo’s eruption.

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