The arsenal of defenses bacteria use to neutralize antibiotics seems to grow larger the more researcher train their microscopes on them. Enzymes. Pumps. Binding proteins. Biofilms. You can add outer membrane vesicles (OMV) to the list. Think of them as antibiotic interceptors. Imperial College London’s Dr. Andrew Edwards discussed his research on OMVs with us. [Read]

MORE CONVERSATIONS

  1. Nick Keiser is a researcher at the University of Florida. He studies the behavioral mechanisms of infectious diseases. The main focus of lab centers on social animals and how their group behavior affects the transmission of infectious microbes. Keiser recently completed a study using fruit flies to investigate how social context influences the spread of disease. He discussed his findings with SCINQ. [Read]
  2. Ryan Darby: An assistant professor of neurology at Vanderbilt University, Ryan Darby investigates neuropsychiatric disorders where what makes us human, such as our identity as a self or our capacity to behave morally, is impaired. [Read]
  3. Curtis Suttle: Curtis Suttle’s studies the virosphere and the extreme places viruses can be found. His research led him to turn his gaze from the Earth up to the sky. He discussed some of his research with SCINQ. [Read]
  4. Timothy Wencewicz: Established in July 2013, Timothy Wencewicz’s lab’s main research focus is antibiotic drug discovery. A strong bias is placed on studying antibiotics isolated from nature. [Read]
  5. Kenneth Zaret: Prof. Zaret’s lab works to understand how genes are activated and different cell types are specified in embryonic development. They investigate the molecular signaling pathways that commit an undifferentiated embryonic cell, the endoderm, to a particular cell type fate, using the specification of liver and pancreas cells as a model. [Read]
  6. James Kirby: One of the goals of his lab is to shorten the antimicrobial testing gap through the use of novel technologies. That can range from exploring the use of digital dispensing technology to developing a Superfast Microscopy-Based Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (MAST) system. Recently, Dr. Kirby turned his sights to AI and artificial neural networks. [Read]
  7. James DeGregori: The focus of James DeGregori’s recent research centers on the fitness of progenitor cells and how damage — whether it be from exposure to carcinogens, aging, or a bad diet — can cause the selection of adaptive oncogenic events. This has led him to propose an evolutionary theory of cancer. [Read]
  8. Melinda Yang:  Until recently, the evolution of early modern humans in Asia has received less popular attention than their African and European counter parts. Melinda Yang is playing her part in illuminating the story of how modern Asians emerged after the African diaspora. [Read]
  9. Anders Rosengren: A researcher from the University of Gothenburg, Anders Rosengren investigated broccoli’s health benefits. The vegetable, it turns out, contains a chemical called sulfurophane that acts as a powerful antioxidant. Tantalizingly, it showed promise as an antidiabetic. [Read]
  10. Rick Cavicchioli: During the course of his research on haloarchaea, Rick Cavicchioli and his crew have ventured about as far from the workbench as possible. Antarctica. As a result of their tenacity, important and tantalizing insights into the evolution of viruses have emerged from extreme hypersaline conditions, promiscuous haloarchaea, and plasmids that take on membranes. Professor Cavicchioli took the time to share his findings and images of his expeditions. [Read]
  11. Bert Wuyts: A fourth-year PhD candidate at the University of Bristol, Bert Wuyts has studied the effects of deforestation, particularly in the Amazon. He recently published a paper exploring the bistability hypothesis of tropical vegetation and addresses specific shortcomings in previous research. He took the time to explain his research to SCINQ. [Read]
  12. Ivana Burić: Ivana Burić, a researcher at Coventry University, has explored the link between mind-body techniques and changes in the human body. Her latest work investigates how gene expression is affected by performing mind-body exercises. [Read]
  13. Gail Ashley: Gail Ashley likes to peer into the past and reassemble moments that shaped humankind’s trajectory from hominin to human. Of course, it’s a puzzle that can never be fully resolved. Professor Ashley set aside time from her hectic schedule to discuss the paper and a life in science with SCINQ. [Read]
  14. Nishimura Yoshiki: This researcher from Kyoto University in Japan has been studying cpDNA for over twenty years. He recently published a paper describing his findings regarding a gene called moc1 that has befuddled researchers for decades. It also goes on to describe the unexpected discovery of Holliday Junctions within cpDNA. He set aside time from his research schedule to chat with SCINQ. [Read]
  15. Saito Susumu: Saito Susumu from Nagoya University in Japan has developed a catalyst capable of destroying the pesky double bonds in plastic. If his method can scale up sufficiently, the world might stand a chance against the scourge of plastics. SCINQ spoke with him to learn more about his plastic-reducing catalyst. [Read]
  16. Stephen Tsang – A recent study by Columbia University’s Stephen Tsang provides an important and timely addition to the discourse forming around CRISPR-cas9 technology, its uses, and its safety. SCINQ caught up with him to discuss his findings. [Read]
  17. Eran ElhaikSCINQ spoke with Dr. Elhaik about aGPS, it’s application, and how he applied it in his most recent study, “From lost empires to modern cities with ancient GPS.” [Read]
  18. Katriona Shea – This Penn State researcher applies her knowledge of population management to various Ebola outbreak data sources in order to develop a more efficient on-the-ground real-time response to the constantly shifting conditions that arise during an epidemic. [Read]